Teknik menggambar Clean Up Dan Sisip

Mesothelioma Compensation Some people who develop mesothelioma due to asbestos exposure may be able to claim compensation. Your legal entitlements will depend on the state or territory in which you were exposed to asbestos. In some cases, the exposure may have occurred overseas. Mesothelioma takes a long time to develop, so your exposure to asbestos may have occurred some 40 years ago. You might think it was a trivial exposure, or you may not remember any exposure. Talking to your friends and family can help to bring back memories of places where you may have been exposed to asbestos. An expert lawyer will also talk you through your life history and help you find out where the exposure took place. They will explain what compensation you may be able to claim and help make the process easy for you to understand. Generally, a person diagnosed with mesothelioma has two different types of legal entitlements: a claim through the court, known as a "common law claim" a claim under a government compensation scheme, known as a "statutory claim". "When my husband was diagnosed with terminal mesothelioma, we were advised to apply for compensation. He reluctantly contacted lawyers, and they assured us we had a very strong case. My husband didn't survive to `win' his case but I did, with a lot of help, caring, understanding and good advice from our lawyers." – Sharon Common law claim A common law claim is a claim process through a court. The claim is brought against the party or parties who caused a person to be exposed to asbestos. These parties are known as the "defendants". A common law claim begins by filing a formal court document known as an "originating process". The originating process must be lodged within your lifetime to protect your entitlement to compensation. As long as you start a common law claim during your lifetime, your estate will still be able to continue with your claim if you die before the claim is finalised. You need to speak with a lawyer experienced in asbestos-related compensation claims as soon as possible after your diagnosis. If you're too unwell to visit the lawyer in their office, they can visit you at home or in hospital to discuss the process and how it can be simplified for you and your family. t may still be possible to bring a common law claim even if: you were exposed to asbestos many years ago you no longer work for the employer where you were exposed you have worked for many employers you were self-employed or a contractor your employer is no longer in business you are, or were, a smoker you were exposed to asbestos in another state or overseas you were not exposed in the workplace you were only briefly exposed to asbestos you were exposed to asbestos on more than one occasion you don't know how you may have been exposed to asbestos. Finding a lawyer Making a mesothelioma claim is a specialised area. It is important to talk to a lawyer or law firm experienced in this area of work, as they often have a wealth of knowledge about how and where asbestos was used. You can find a leading lawyer in asbestos by checking the Doyles Guide Directory – visit doylesguide.com/australia and type "asbestos" in the search bar. Mesothelioma support organisations can also assist you in contacting an expert asbestos lawyer. Talking to an expert in this field can help reduce the time taken to investigate a claim. Experienced lawyers also understand mesothelioma and what you are coping with. Your lawyer will work around medical appointments or treatments to try to make things less stressful for you. How long will a common law case take? The majority of common law claims for mesothelioma are settled out of court within 3–6 months of the claim being lodged. If your prognosis is poor, or you suddenly become very unwell, the process can be sped up to try to ensure that your common law claim is resolved in your lifetime. Only a few cases actually proceed to a court trial. What if I die before my claim is settled? Many people diagnosed with mesothelioma worry that their claim won't be finalised before they die. The largest component of compensation is usually the general damages. So long as you start a common law claim in your lifetime, then your entitlement to general damages is protected, and your estate would be able to continue with your claim if you die before your claim is finalised. In some circumstances, your family may also be entitled to dependency entitlements if you die because of the mesothelioma. Your lawyer will let you know if this applies to you and your family. How much does legal action cost? Legal costs are generally dependent on the amount of legal work required to resolve your case. Most lawyers who specialise in asbestos-related compensation claims offer a "no win, no fee" agreement. This means that the lawyers will only charge for legal services if they are successful in resolving your case. You are also entitled to claim a large portion of your legal costs from the defendants as part of your common law claim. The amount of costs awarded will depend on whether your case was resolved at mediation or at trial. Ask your lawyer for a costs agreement and get them to talk it through with you so you know what is involved. Be aware that even under a "no win, no fee" agreement, if you: start a claim but decide to cease the action, you will usually need to pay any legal costs up to that point proceed but lose the court case, you will not need to pay your lawyer, but you may still need to pay court costs for yourself and possibly for the defendant are successful, a significant portion of your compensation might be absorbed by any costs that the defendant doesn't have to pay. Statutory claims Some states and territories have special government compensation schemes for people who develop mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases. These schemes usually apply only if you have been exposed to asbestos during your employment. he authorities for Australia's asbestos compensation schemes are: ACT – WorkSafe ACT, call 02 6207 3000 or visit worksafe.act.gov.au NSW – Dust Diseases Authority, also known as icare dust diseases are, call 02 8223 6600 or visit icare.nsw.gov.au NT – NT WorkSafe, call 1800 019 115 or visit worksafe.nt.gov.au QLD – WorkCover Queensland, call 1300 362 128 or visit worksafe.qld.gov.au SA – ReturnToWorkSA, call 13 18 55 or visit rtwsa.com TAS – WorkSafe Tasmania, call 1300 366 322 or visit worksafe.tas.gov.au VIC – WorkSafe Victoria, call 1800 136 089 or visit worksafe.vic.gov.au WA – Your employer's insurer or if unknown, Insurance Commission of estern Australia, call 08 9264 3333 or visit icwa.wa.gov.au Commonwealth – Comcare, call 1300 366 979 or visit comcare.gov.au. Do I need a lawyer? It is possible for you and sometimes your dependants to lodge a statutory claim directly with the authority in your state or territory. However, most people with mesothelioma prefer to use a lawyer to arrange all their claims. The laws around Australia vary and can be complex. Some people may be entitled to bring a common law claim instead of, or in addition to, a statutory claim. It is vital to consult an expert asbestos lawyer before applying for statutory benefits to ensure you aren't excluded from also claiming common law compensation. Using an expert asbestos lawyer will allow you to access all your entitlements while concentrating on your health and spending time on the things that are important to you. Advance care planning It is also worth seeking the advice of a lawyer to ensure your will is up to date and that your intentions for your estate are clear. You may wish to arrange legal documents appointing a substitute decision-maker. Depending on where you live, the documents for appointing this person may be known as an enduring power of attorney, enduring power of guardianship, or appointment of an enduring guardian. You can also outline your wishes for your future medical care in an advance care directive. These documents are part of advance care planning. Cancer Council offers a Legal Referral Service that can help with wills and advance care planning, and assistance is free for eligible clients. Call 13 11 20 to find out more.

Mendeskripsikan tentang multimedia Mengambar

  • Menggambar (Inggris: drawing) adalah kegiatan kegiatan membentuk imajinasi, dengan menggunakan banyak pilihan teknik dan alat. 
  • Bisa pula berarti membuat tanda-tanda tertentu di atas permukaan dengan mengolah goresan dari alat gambar. 
  • Pelakunya populer dengan sebutan Penggambar/juru gambar (inggris:draftsman) yang merupakan salah satu bagian pekerjaan dari perupa. 

Perkembangan perangkat lunak grafis membuat kegiatan menggambar bisa pula dilakukan dengan sentuhan penuh alat-alat komputer. 

Contohnya adalah karya gambar oleh Peter Welleman
Berikut daftar perangkat lunak yang memungkinkan kegiatan menggambar :
  1. Microsoft Expression 
  2. Inkscape 
  3. Adobe Photoshop 
  4. Adobe Illustrator 
  5. Paint Shop Pro 
  6. Corel Painter 
  7. Pixia 
  8. Kolourpaint 
  9. Microsoft Paint 
  10. The GIMP 
  11. openCanvas 
Menggambar Clean Up 
  • "Clean-Up" merujuk kepada proses penyempurnaan karya seni kasar animasi 2D. 
  • Tujuan Clean Up adalah untuk menciptakan animasi dengan halus, garis konsisten seni dan garis berat sebelum ditransfer ke cels untuk melukis. 

Menggambar Clean Up 
  • Kadang-kadang animator menandai catatan pada seni bersih-bersih dengan pensil atau tinta, dalam warna-warna yang tidak akan ditransfer ke sel-sel, pada baris dibersihkan bekerja - biasanya untuk inkers dan pelukis yang akan berurusan dengan berbagai warna garis dan isi di cels.

Clean Up Sisip 

Menggambar clean up adalah membersihkan gambar dengan cara menjiplak pada animasi.
Gambar sisip adalah menyisipkan gambar atau teks pada animasi. 


  • berawal dari kata trace, yang bermaksud menelusuri atau penelusuran. Dalam grafis, tracing bermakna menggambar ulang dengan memakai acuan/patrun. 
  • Bila disederhanakan berarti menjiplak gambar, adapula yang mendefinisikan tracing sebagai proses perubahan format gambar dari bitmap menjadi vector biasa. 

Software untuk Tracing 

  • Beberapa software misalnya, Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia Freehand, Corel Draw, Zara X ataupun software khusus tracing seperti Corel Trace dan bahkan Adobe Illustrator keluaran CS versi 1 ke atas sudah menanamkan tool live trace di programnya yang mampu mengkonvert gambar menjadi vector dalam hitungan detik. 

  • Dalam terminologi komputer grafis, vector adalah sekumpulan objek dalam garis atau bentuk tertentu yang dapat didefinisikan secara matematis, diisi warna, dan memiliki resolusi bebas. Karena itu, vector bisa diperbesar dalam ukuran berapa pun tanpa kehilangan resolusinya. 
  • Tracing adalah teknik penggambaran cepat, baik secara manual atau digital. Tracing adalah jawaban untuk tuntutan proses produksi yang berpacu dengan waktu. 
  • Tanpa tracing, barangkali tak akan ada printing tekstil, screen printing, atau air brush style sekalipun. 

Teknik Tracing 

  • Manual Tracing 
  • meletakkan gambar asli dibawah kertas kalkir, lembaran acetate, mika susu/kodaktris, boleh kertas doorslag, atau kertas roti. Lalu kita menggambar menggunakan tinta cina, rapido, atau tinta afdek yang pekat 

Digital Tracing 

  • Tracing digital saat ini banyak kita kerjakan dengan bantuan computer.Gambar asli di-scan, lalu dijiplak lewat bantuan piranti lunak semacam Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Freehand, Adobe Photoshop, Coreldraw atau Corel Painter. 
  • Produk yang dihasilkan adalah illustrasi vector, untuk menutupi kebutuhan illustrasi yang akan dipakai pada desain-desain poster, iklan-iklan koran bahkan web dan film-film kartun. 
  • Tracing yang dilakukan dengan bantuan aplikasi berbasis bitmap semacam Photoshop, photopaint atau Painter, kita sebut tracing bitmap. Tracing bitmap lebih banyak dikerjakan dibidang screen printing dan tekstil printing. 
  • Tracing bukanlah masalah menjiplak dalam arti sempit, tracing adalah teknik penggambaran ulang baik manual atau digital. Dalam illustasi, tracing adalah style yang membutuhkan kemampuan trace dan penguasaan aplikasi grafis.

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