AMDAL

Mesothelioma Compensation Some people who develop mesothelioma due to asbestos exposure may be able to claim compensation. Your legal entitlements will depend on the state or territory in which you were exposed to asbestos. In some cases, the exposure may have occurred overseas. Mesothelioma takes a long time to develop, so your exposure to asbestos may have occurred some 40 years ago. You might think it was a trivial exposure, or you may not remember any exposure. Talking to your friends and family can help to bring back memories of places where you may have been exposed to asbestos. An expert lawyer will also talk you through your life history and help you find out where the exposure took place. They will explain what compensation you may be able to claim and help make the process easy for you to understand. Generally, a person diagnosed with mesothelioma has two different types of legal entitlements: a claim through the court, known as a "common law claim" a claim under a government compensation scheme, known as a "statutory claim". "When my husband was diagnosed with terminal mesothelioma, we were advised to apply for compensation. He reluctantly contacted lawyers, and they assured us we had a very strong case. My husband didn't survive to `win' his case but I did, with a lot of help, caring, understanding and good advice from our lawyers." – Sharon Common law claim A common law claim is a claim process through a court. The claim is brought against the party or parties who caused a person to be exposed to asbestos. These parties are known as the "defendants". A common law claim begins by filing a formal court document known as an "originating process". The originating process must be lodged within your lifetime to protect your entitlement to compensation. As long as you start a common law claim during your lifetime, your estate will still be able to continue with your claim if you die before the claim is finalised. You need to speak with a lawyer experienced in asbestos-related compensation claims as soon as possible after your diagnosis. If you're too unwell to visit the lawyer in their office, they can visit you at home or in hospital to discuss the process and how it can be simplified for you and your family. t may still be possible to bring a common law claim even if: you were exposed to asbestos many years ago you no longer work for the employer where you were exposed you have worked for many employers you were self-employed or a contractor your employer is no longer in business you are, or were, a smoker you were exposed to asbestos in another state or overseas you were not exposed in the workplace you were only briefly exposed to asbestos you were exposed to asbestos on more than one occasion you don't know how you may have been exposed to asbestos. Finding a lawyer Making a mesothelioma claim is a specialised area. It is important to talk to a lawyer or law firm experienced in this area of work, as they often have a wealth of knowledge about how and where asbestos was used. You can find a leading lawyer in asbestos by checking the Doyles Guide Directory – visit doylesguide.com/australia and type "asbestos" in the search bar. Mesothelioma support organisations can also assist you in contacting an expert asbestos lawyer. Talking to an expert in this field can help reduce the time taken to investigate a claim. Experienced lawyers also understand mesothelioma and what you are coping with. Your lawyer will work around medical appointments or treatments to try to make things less stressful for you. How long will a common law case take? The majority of common law claims for mesothelioma are settled out of court within 3–6 months of the claim being lodged. If your prognosis is poor, or you suddenly become very unwell, the process can be sped up to try to ensure that your common law claim is resolved in your lifetime. Only a few cases actually proceed to a court trial. What if I die before my claim is settled? Many people diagnosed with mesothelioma worry that their claim won't be finalised before they die. The largest component of compensation is usually the general damages. So long as you start a common law claim in your lifetime, then your entitlement to general damages is protected, and your estate would be able to continue with your claim if you die before your claim is finalised. In some circumstances, your family may also be entitled to dependency entitlements if you die because of the mesothelioma. Your lawyer will let you know if this applies to you and your family. How much does legal action cost? Legal costs are generally dependent on the amount of legal work required to resolve your case. Most lawyers who specialise in asbestos-related compensation claims offer a "no win, no fee" agreement. This means that the lawyers will only charge for legal services if they are successful in resolving your case. You are also entitled to claim a large portion of your legal costs from the defendants as part of your common law claim. The amount of costs awarded will depend on whether your case was resolved at mediation or at trial. Ask your lawyer for a costs agreement and get them to talk it through with you so you know what is involved. Be aware that even under a "no win, no fee" agreement, if you: start a claim but decide to cease the action, you will usually need to pay any legal costs up to that point proceed but lose the court case, you will not need to pay your lawyer, but you may still need to pay court costs for yourself and possibly for the defendant are successful, a significant portion of your compensation might be absorbed by any costs that the defendant doesn't have to pay. Statutory claims Some states and territories have special government compensation schemes for people who develop mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases. These schemes usually apply only if you have been exposed to asbestos during your employment. he authorities for Australia's asbestos compensation schemes are: ACT – WorkSafe ACT, call 02 6207 3000 or visit worksafe.act.gov.au NSW – Dust Diseases Authority, also known as icare dust diseases are, call 02 8223 6600 or visit icare.nsw.gov.au NT – NT WorkSafe, call 1800 019 115 or visit worksafe.nt.gov.au QLD – WorkCover Queensland, call 1300 362 128 or visit worksafe.qld.gov.au SA – ReturnToWorkSA, call 13 18 55 or visit rtwsa.com TAS – WorkSafe Tasmania, call 1300 366 322 or visit worksafe.tas.gov.au VIC – WorkSafe Victoria, call 1800 136 089 or visit worksafe.vic.gov.au WA – Your employer's insurer or if unknown, Insurance Commission of estern Australia, call 08 9264 3333 or visit icwa.wa.gov.au Commonwealth – Comcare, call 1300 366 979 or visit comcare.gov.au. Do I need a lawyer? It is possible for you and sometimes your dependants to lodge a statutory claim directly with the authority in your state or territory. However, most people with mesothelioma prefer to use a lawyer to arrange all their claims. The laws around Australia vary and can be complex. Some people may be entitled to bring a common law claim instead of, or in addition to, a statutory claim. It is vital to consult an expert asbestos lawyer before applying for statutory benefits to ensure you aren't excluded from also claiming common law compensation. Using an expert asbestos lawyer will allow you to access all your entitlements while concentrating on your health and spending time on the things that are important to you. Advance care planning It is also worth seeking the advice of a lawyer to ensure your will is up to date and that your intentions for your estate are clear. You may wish to arrange legal documents appointing a substitute decision-maker. Depending on where you live, the documents for appointing this person may be known as an enduring power of attorney, enduring power of guardianship, or appointment of an enduring guardian. You can also outline your wishes for your future medical care in an advance care directive. These documents are part of advance care planning. Cancer Council offers a Legal Referral Service that can help with wills and advance care planning, and assistance is free for eligible clients. Call 13 11 20 to find out more.
AMDAL

A. Pengertian
Berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah No. 27 tahun 1999, pasal
1 ayat 1, AMDAL ( Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan ) adalah kajian mengenai dampak besar dan penting suatu usaha dan/atau kegiatan yang direncanakan pada lingkungan hidup yang diperlukan bagi proses pengambilan keputusan.

Setiap kegiatan pembangunan secara potensial mempunyai dampak terhadap lingkungan. Dampak-dampak ini harus dipelajari untuk merencanakan upaya mitigasinya. Peraturan Pemerintah No. 51 Tahun 1993 (PP 51/1993) tentang Analisis Mengenal Dampak Lingkungan (AMDAL) menyatakan bahwa studi tersebut harus merupakan bagian dari studi kelayakan dan menghasilkan dokumen-dokumen sebagai berikut:

1. Kerangka Acuan (KA) ANDAL, yang memuat lingkup studi ANDAL yang dihasilkan dari proses pelingkupan.
2. Analisis Dampak Lingkungan (ANDAL), yang merupakan inti studi AMDAL. ANDAL memuat pembahasan yang rinci dan mendalam tentang studi terhadap dampak penting kegiatan yang diusulkan.
3. Rencana Pengelolaan Lingkungan (RKL), yang memuat usaha-usaha yang harus dilakukan untuk mitigasi setiap dampak lingkungan dari kegiatan yang diusulkan.

4. Rencana Pemantauan Lingkungan (RPL), yang memuat rencana pemantauan dampak lingkungan yang akan timbul.

RKL dan RPL merupakan persyaratan mandatory menurut PP 51/1993, sebagai bagian kelengkapan dokumen AMDAL bagi kegiatan wajib AMDAL. Untuk kegiatan yang tidak wajib AMDAL, penanggulangan dampak lingkungan yang timbul memerlukan:
1. Upaya Pengelolaan Lingkungan (UKL)
2. Upaya Pemantauan Lingkungan (UPL)
3. Pertanggung-jawaban pelaksanaan audit, antara auditor dan manajemen organisasi.
4. Komunikasi temuan-temuan audit.
5. Kompetensi audit.
6. Bagaimana audit akan dilaksanakan.

Sebagai dasar pelaksanaan Audit Lingkungan di Indonesia, telah dikeluarkan Kepmen LH No. 42/MENLH/11/1994 tentang Prinsip-Prinsip dan Pedoman Umum Audit Lingkungan. Dalam Lampiran Kepmen LH No. 41/94 tersebut didefinisikan bahwa:
Audit lingkungan adalah suatu alat pengelolaan yang meliputi evaluasi secara sistematik terdokumentasi, periodik dan obyektif tentang bagaimana suatu kinerja organisasi, sistem pengelolaan dan pemantauan dengan tujuan memfasilitasi kontrol pengelolaan terhadap pelaksanaan upaya pengendalian dampak lingkungan dan pengkajian kelayakan usaha atau kegiatan terhadap peraturan perundang-undangan tentang pengelolaan lingkungan.

Audit Lingkungan suatu usaha atau kegiatan merupakan perangkat pengelolaan yang dilakukan secara internal oleh suatu usaha atau kegiatan sebagai tanggungjawab pengelolaan dan pemantauan lingkungannya. Audit lingkungan bukan merupakan pemeriksaan resmi yang diharuskan oleh suatu peraturan perundang-undangan, melainkan suatu usaha proaktif yang diIaksanakan secara sadar untuk mengidentifikasi permasalahan lingkungan yang akan timbul sehingga dapat dilakukan upaya-­upaya pencegahannya.

B. Tujuan AMDAL
Tujuan dan sasaran AMDAL adalah Untuk menjamin agar suatu usaha dan/atau kegiatan pembangunan dapat beroperasi secara berkelanjutan tanpa merusak dan mengorbankan lingkungan atau dengan kata lain usaha atau kegiatan tersebut layak dari aspek
lingkungan hidup. Pada hakikatnya diharapkan dengan melalui kajian
AMDAL, kelayakan lingkungan sebuah rencana usaha dan/atau kegiatan pembangunan diharapkan mampu secara optimal meminimalkan kemungkinan dampak lingkungan hidup yang negative, serta dapat memanfaatkan dan mengelola sumber daya alam secara efisien.

AMDAL merupakan alat pengelolaan lingkungan hidup untuk:
• Menghindari dampak
n Apakah proyek dibutuhkan?
n Apakah proyek harus dilaksanakan saat ini?
n Apakah ada alternatif lokasi?
• Meminimalisasi dampak
n Mengurangi skala, besaran, ukuran
n Apakah ada alternatif untuk proses, desain, bahan baku, bahan bantu?
• Melakukan mitigasi/kompensasi dampak
n Memberikan kompensasi atau ganti rugi terhadap lingkungan yang rusak.

C. Fungsi AMDAL
AMDAL berfungsi sebagai penetapan pengambilan keputusan seperti yang tercantum dalam Pasal 1 ayat 1 PP 27 Tahun 1999, (AMDAL adalah kajian mengenai dampak besar dan penting suatu usaha dan/atau kegiatan yang direncanakan pada lingkungan hidup yang diperlukan bagi proses pengambilan keputusan tentang penyelenggaraan usaha dan/atau kegiatan ).
Pengambilan keputusan adalah proses memilih suatu alternatif cara bertindak dengan metode yang efisien sesuai dengan situasi.

D. Manfaat AMDAL
Pada dasarnya AMDAL memiliki tiga manfaat utama yaitu,
1. Pada Pemerintah
Sebagai alat pengambil keputusan tentang kelayakan lingkungan dari suatu rencana usaha dan/atau kegiatan.
Merupakan bahan masukan dalam perencanaan pembangunan wilayah.
Mencegah potensi SDA di sekitar lokasi proyek tidak rusak dan menjaga kelestarian lingkungan hidup.

Pada Masyarakat
Dapat mengetahui rencana pembangunan di daerahnya sehingga dapat mempersiapkan diri untuk berpartisipasi.
Mengetahui perubahan lingkungan yang akan terjadi dan manfaat serta kerugian akibat adanya suatu kegiatan.
Mengetahui hak dan kewajibannya di dalam hubungan dengan usaha dan/atau kegiatan di dalam menjaga dan mengelola kualitas lingkungan.

Pada Pemrakarsa
§ Untuk mengetahui masalahmasalah lingkungan yang akan dihadapi pada masa yang akan datang.
§ Sebagai bahan untuk analisis pengelolaan dansasaran proyek.
§ Sebagai pedoman untuk pelaksanaan pengelolaandan pemantauan lingkungan hidup.

Selain manfaat – mafaat di atas AMDAL juga sering di gunakan sebagai :
AMDAL sebagai ENVIRONMENTAL SAFEGUARDS
AMDAL digunakan sebagai Enironmental safeguards atau upaya perlindungan lingkungan dari berbagai jenis kegiatan eksploitasi sumber daya alam baik yang di lakukan masyarakat lokal maupun pemerintah sehingga tecapai suatu tujuan yaitu :
Output SDS yang efesien
SDA yang berkelanjutan
Konservasi kawasan lindung

Pengembangan wilayah
Manfaat AMDAL dalam PERENCANAAN WILAYAH yaitu
Ayat (2) PP 27/1999:
Hasil AMDAL digunakan sebagai bahan perencanaan
pembangunan wilayah.

Manfaat AMDAL dalam CEGAH, KENDALI & PANTAU DAMPAK
Hasil AMDAL memberikan pedoman upaya pencegahan, pengendalian dan pemantauan dampak lingkungan.

AMDAL sebagai prasyarat utang
Banyak debitur yang tidak dapat mengembalikan utang hal ini dikarenakan berbagai masalah, salah satunya mengenai masalah lingkungan. Sehingga dalam peberian kredit atau utang di perlukan analaisa apakah debitur tesebut akan mengalami masalah di bidang lingkungan atau tidak.


E. Kriteria wajib AMDAL

Kriteria ini hanya diperlukan bagi proyek-proyek yang menimbulkan dampak penting terhadap lingkungan yang pada umumnya terdapat pada rencana-rencana kegiatan berskala besar, kompleks serta berlokasi di daerah yang memiliki lingkungan sensitif.

Jenis-jenis rencana usaha dan/atau kegiatan yang wajib dilengkapi dengan AMDAL dapat dilihat pada Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor: 17 tahun 2001 tentang Jenis Usaha dan/atau Kegiatan Yang Wajib Dilengkapi dengan AMDAL.

Jenis Usaha dan Atau Kegiatan Wajib AMDAL:
Pertahanan dan Keamanan
Pertanian
Perikanan
Kehutanan
Kesehatan
Perhubungan
Teknologi Satelit
Perindustrian
Prasarana Wilayah
Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral
Pariwisata
Pengelolaan limbah B3, dan Rekayasa Genetika

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